State Ministry‚Äč of Primary Health Care, Epidemics and COVID Disease Control  

Primary Health Care  

Primary Health Care (PHC) is not  synonymous with rural health care. Primary care is about the first line or the First Tier care  which is available for people both in the urban as well as rural settings.There is a PHC  component in all large teaching hospitals delivered through outpatient care services and clinics. PHC should deliver higher-quality care at a lower-than-average cost.

Epidemiology Unit

In Sri Lanka, in the following epidemic diseases areas, there are organised programmes for prevention and control.


The Epidemiology Unit was established in 1959 with assistance from the World Health Organization (WHO) to strengthen surveillance of communicable diseases. Initially, the unit functioned with a WHO consultant and a national counterpart, who, after further training in epidemiology, was appointed in 1961, as the Epidemiologist of the Department of Health Services. Prior to this, the functions of epidemiological surveillance were under the guidance of a Senior Medical Officer (Epidemiology) in the Department of Health Services. From its inception, the Epidemiological Unit worked very closely with the Public Health Veterinary Officer (presently the  Director, Public Health Veterinary Services) and the Medical Statistician, and were all located at Chelsea Gardens, Colombo 3.